Geothermal Heat Pump Costs, Reviews and Buying Guide
Nowadays, technology is increasingly developing and making human life more advanced which is marked by the increasingly easy of humans to improve the quality of life. Now, many tools are used to, even make the temperature of a room the same as what we want. Air conditioner is one of the tools that we often use.
However, here will not discuss that, but we will talk a lot about heat pumps, especially for Geothermal Heat Pump, cost, reviews. One way of geothermal that is happening at this time is by using hot springs that are close to the surface in the form of hot water. Street. As in a building, through a heating pump can be flowed to the surface using a ground-heating pump. In one year, the temperature under the ground remains constant and this way works everywhere. In addition, cooling the building in the summer and heating the building in the winter can use by using the same system.
What Is Geothermal Heat Pump
Geothermal energy refers to the energy produced by heat stored in the earth’s core. As a source of energy that comes directly from nature and is renewable, its use does not adversely affect the environment and humans. Heat pumping sources or heat pumps are very popular to be used for heating the room. Thermal energy from the earth’s surface that is constant throughout the year is used for this application.
This system involves a series of underground pipes and heat exchangers and requires a working channel in the structure. To provide private homes with heat, units using electricity, solid, gas or liquid fuels are traditionally used. In recent decades, solar collectors and the warmth of the bowels of the Earth have been used as an alternative source of heat energy. Warming houses with geothermal energy is called geothermal house heating. It is also a source of energy that cannot be used up and this is very good for the environment.
Pros and Cons of a Geothermal Heat Pump
Compared to fossil fuels, geothermal energy has greater benefits. First, it is a renewable natural resource, therefore, a constant supply and environmentally friendly.
It also has lower emissions of harmful chemicals making it less harmful to human health. In addition, geothermal power plants have the ability to continue working throughout the day and night regardless of weather conditions. From an economic point of view, the form of energy is cost effective and the price does not depend on fluctuations in the price of fossil fuels.
On the other hand, geothermal energy also has weaknesses. In considering the engineering aspects, geothermal fluids are corrosive and at low temperatures. This low temperature has a detrimental effect because it limits the efficiency of heat engines in power plants.
Another disadvantage that is worth noting is the construction side. Installing a geothermal power plant can affect the stability of the soil in the surrounding area especially in systems where water is injected into hot dry rock. This generator can also emit, even in low levels, carbon dioxide, nitric oxide and sulfur. Finally, geothermal locations for a long time have a tendency to cool down eventually. One reason for this is that the system designed for a particular site is too large to attract too much stored energy.
What we can get from geothermal energy sources is the permanence of energy sources that we can use continuously. What we need to think about in the use of geothermal energy sources is a tool to convert geothermal energy into electric power sources, which are also used in electronic devices such as geothermal heat pumps.
We must continue to do regular maintenance to minimize damage to the heat pump that we use. Unfortunately, the current installation for the use of geothermal energy in heat pumps is still quite expensive compared to heat pumps that use other resources.
Geothermal vs Air-Source Heat Pumps
The use of geothermal energy is a relatively simple concept like the flow of thermal energy is available below the earth’s surface, especially from subterranean hot springs. To generate electricity from geothermal sources, underground sources of steam or hot water are extracted using wells and steam rotates turbines that generate electricity.
Usually water is pumped back into the ground to refill reservoirs or recharge and complete the renewable energy cycle. Therefore, the use of geothermal energy for heat pumps is very good for the environment. We can use this forever because geothermal energy is energy that cannot be used up.
Air-source heat pumps are water heaters that use the same principles as sailboats. Like a sailboat, it only needs energy to move the sails up and down to move the boat, then the air power water heater, uses electrical energy to move heat energy from the surrounding air to heat the water. So in addition to saving energy, heat pump, or air power water heaters also produce cold air that is very suitable for tropical countries like Indonesia. The cold can be used to cool the rooms in the house and if there is already air conditioning, then the work of air conditioners can be reduced so that it also saves the cost of air conditioning, especially AC with inverter technology.
Geothermal Heat Pump Costs Factors
Just like the Air Conditioner, the heat pump also has components that must be installed in the room. Indoor Blower, useful for sucking air in the room and exhale it again. So the main task of the blower is to keep the air circulation fresh and clean but still cool when exhaled again. Besides blower indoor, there is blower outdoor.
For the completeness of the heat pump that is installed in the room, there are also several components available. Of course, products and brands that have heat pumps
on the market have different standards and this will determine the price of the heat pump products they make.
For example, the evaporator component commonly used as a temperature modifier is air that is absorbed and released into the room. This component has a material that gives effect to the price of the heat pump product.
In addition to indoor blowers, there are also outdoor blowers. As the name suggests, this one component is shaped like a fan propeller like a fan that you often see. The fan here plays an important role to cool the condenser which is the hottest part of the air conditioner.
Besides helping to cool the air conditioner, the fan also helps to heat air dissipation process and helps reduce the pressure on the refrigerant. This has also another component besides outdoor blower. For components that are used outdoors, for example is a Condenser which is a tool that serves to change / cool high-pressure gas turned into a high-pressure liquid. For its own placement, the Condenser is placed outside the room being cooled so that it can get rid of the heat out. This certainly also has a role in determining the price that needs to be spent to make a heat pump product.
Geothermal Heat Pump Costs and Brands
Speaking about geothermal heat pump products, each brand has its price for the model. We can classify the price into two classifications.
The first one is the Moderate-quality brands and average costs. This quality brand product for heat pump such as Bosch with its price from $3,100 to $4700, Century from $2,700 to $4,200, Daikin or McQuay International at $3,200 to $5,400, First Co. From $2,400 to $3,500, GeoCool from $2,500 to $7,000, Geostar from $2,300 to $3,900, Geomax $2,700 to $4,600, Hydro Royal from $2,500 to $3,500 and Nordic from $2,300 to $4,000.
These brands for moderate quality brand and it seems like to be a suitable heat pump brand for those of people who have their home in a medium size. We can say that this has good enough quality but for sure, you need to have extra cost for its maintenance if you compare with the premium quality brands.
The second classification is the Premium-quality brands and average costs. Let’s straight to the cost for each brand.
Started from Bard, this has heat pump with average cost from $5,000 to $7,500, Carrier/Bryant from $4,000 to $6,600, ClimateMaster from $4,000 to $6,500, Hydron Module from $4,800 to $7,600, MARS/Comfort-Aire from $3,200 to $5,000, Miami HP from $2,600 to $7,300, Modine from $3,000 to $6,200, Spectrum from $3,600 to $6,500 Trane or American Standard from $4,200 to $6,300 and WaterFurnace from $4,400 to $7,000.
We can say that the price and cost show the quality. From the review, these brands are showing the good reviews from the users. Logically, the premium quality brands have the premium quality material too and this makes the product will have longer life time and less maintenance. However, regular maintenance still needed for keeping the unit in well condition. The choice to choose is in your hand.
Supplies and Installation Costs
In some conditions, the efficiency of a heat pump is reduced. Equipment performance can decrease when critical temperature differences in the room and on the road are reached. In this case, the best solution is to create a system for pumping heat from the ground. The pipe must be placed below the freezing point of the soil. Coolant must be circulated through them. If the installation of these designs is hampered by high levels of groundwater, they can be pumped through heat pump equipment. Because of the design features, heat pumps cannot be used in individual apartments.
About the costs, it is depended on the size of the heat pump. For installation supplies, it can be calculated for price at $1,250 to $2,800 and cost for labor and equipment can reach about $6,500 TO $15,000. For development prospects, all depends on the pump and installation costs, the payback period is 4 to 9 years.